What is an IIPP and How Does it Work?

The Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP) is a workplace safety program created to identify, address, and record workplace hazards. An effective IIPP improves the safety and health in a workplace and reduces costs through good management and employee involvement. The California Code of Regulations (CCR) requires every California employer to have an Injury and Illness Prevention Program in writing. Unfortunately, gaps in enforcement exist as Cal/OSHA does not monitor the quality or effectiveness of IlPPs.  

Eight Required IIPP Elements 

  1. Responsibility: All supervisors are responsible for implementing and maintaining the IIPP.
  2. Compliance: Management ensures that all workplace policies are clearly understood by workers.
  3. Communication: Management recognizes need for open, two-way communication.
  4. Hazard Assessment: Periodic assessments to identify and evaluate workplace hazards are conducted.
  5. Accident/Exposure Investigation: A policy to address incidents of workplace violence is established.
  6. Hazard Correction: Hazards will be corrected in a timely manner.
  7. Training and Investigation: Create policy to train all workers on workplace security.
  8. Record Keeping: Maintain a record of workplace security inspections or training.

To be effective, an IIPP must:

  • Fully involve all employees, supervisors, and management.
  • Identify specific workplace hazards to which employees are exposed.
  • Correct identified hazards in an appropriate and timely manner.
  • Provide effective training.

The way that the IIPP is practiced will determine its effectiveness. The IIPP must be regularly reviewed and updated to be effective.

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